a disease of mammals and birds caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii, which is usually transmitted to humans through ingesting undercooked meat or cat faeces. Generally symptoms are mild (swollen lymph nodes and an influenza-like illness), but the disease can be serious in immunocompromised patients and requires treatment with a combination of pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine. Infection usually confers lifelong immunity. If acquired during pregnancy it can cause congenital toxoplasmosis in the unborn baby. Although most babies are unaffected or have very mild disease, some can have severe malformations of the skull and eyes or active infection in the liver. It can also cause stillbirth. Infection can be detected by blood tests in the mother; if the diagnosis is confirmed, the mother can be treated with spiramycin.

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Toxoplasmosis — Classification and external resources T. gondii tachyzoites ICD 10 B58 …   Wikipedia

  • toxoplasmosis — f. parasit. Enfermedad provocada por el protozoo Toxoplasma gondii. Se trata de un parásito intestinal del gato, que puede parasitar al hombre y otros animales. La infección en el caso del hombre se produce por la ingestión de alimentos… …   Diccionario médico

  • toxoplasmosis — 1977, from toxoplasma (1926), coined 1909 in French from toxo , comb. form of Gk. toxon (see TOXIC (Cf. toxic)) + plasma (see PLASMA (Cf. plasma)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • toxoplasmosis — f. Med. Enfermedad producida por protozoos del género Toxoplasma que, contraída durante la gestación, puede ocasionar anomalías fetales …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • toxoplasmosis — [täk΄sō plaz mō′sis] n. [ModL: see TOXIC, PLASM, & OSIS] a disease caused by a protozoan (Toxoplasma gondii), affecting humans and animals, esp. in the tropics: in its congenital form, it damages the central nervous system, eyes, and viscera …   English World dictionary

  • Toxoplasmosis — Taquizoítos (trofozoítos de T. gondii) …   Wikipedia Español

  • toxoplasmosis — Disease caused by the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii, which can produce abortion in sheep, encephalitis in mink, and a variety of syndromes in humans. Prenatally acquired human infection can result in the presence of abnormalities such as… …   Medical dictionary

  • Toxoplasmosis — ► sustantivo femenino MEDICINA Enfermedad parasitaria causada por un protozoo. IRREG. plural toxoplasmosis * * * toxoplasmosis. f. Med. Enfermedad producida por protozoos del género Toxoplasma que, contraída durante la gestación, puede ocasionar… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • toxoplasmosis — {{#}}{{LM T43927}}{{〓}} {{[}}toxoplasmosis{{]}} ‹to·xo·plas·mo·sis› {{◆}}(pl. toxoplasmosis){{◇}} {{《}}▍ s.f.{{》}} Enfermedad producida por un tipo de protozoos y que, si se contrae durante la gestación, puede ocasionar anomalías fetales …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • toxoplasmosis — /tok soh plaz moh sis/, n. Pathol. infection with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii, transmitted to humans by consumption of insufficiently cooked meat containing the parasite or by contact with contaminated cats or their feces: the illness produced …   Universalium

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